A brief history of Bulgaria – the most important events in the history of Bulgaria.

Bulgaria history

History of Bulgaria, the most important dates in the history of Bulgaria, the most interesting historical events of Bulgaria, Thracians, Turks, Slavs, Byzantium, Christianity, NATO, EU.

The territory of Bulgaria has been inhabited since the earliest historical times – the age of copper stone. Archaeological discoveries from this period were made near Karłów, in the Nova Zagora region, Veliko Tarnovo, Vidin, Sofia, Teteven, Troyan in the Rhodope Mountains. Since then, the oldest gold treasures in the world found near Warn have been dated back to the Bronze Age for the first time that the Thracians mentioned by Homer were settled. They were engaged in agriculture and breeding, and the evidence of their rich culture are the discoveries of archaeologists (the treasure of Valchitran). In the 11th century BC, the first Thracian state unions appeared, which flourished in the 7th-6th centuries BC. In the first century their lands were conquered by Rome, and from the fifth century they came under the rule of Byzantium. Gradually, they were assimilated by the Slavic tribes that settled on the Balkan Peninsula from the 6th century onwards. In the second half of the 7th century, Turks settled in the territory of what is now north-eastern Bulgaria, and in alliance with the Slavs they formed the Bulgarian state recognized by the Byzantine Empire in 681.

Historical calendar – Bulgaria.

In 864, during the reign of Prince Boris I Mikhail (852-889 AD), the Bulgarians adopted Christianity as their official religion. The adoption of Christianity contributed to the elimination of ethnic differences between the Proto-Bulgarians and the Slavs, and the process of building a unified Bulgarian nation began. A powerful state was established with the capital in Pliska (from 895 in Presław), which lasted in the period 681-1018. From 1018 the territory of Bulgaria was finally conquered by the Byzantine Empire, and remained under the rule of the Byzantines until 1185. In the years 1186-1398 there was a second Bulgarian state, after which its territory becomes part of the Ottoman state. 1908 full independence of Bulgaria, annexation of Eastern Rumelia. As a result of the Balkan wars (1912-1913), Bulgaria lost a large part of its territory, and therefore joined the First World War on the side of the Central Powers. In World War II, it opted (along with Hungary and Finland, among others) on the side of the Axis. The occupation of the country by the Red Army in 1944 resulted in the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment in 1946 of a people’s republic under the leadership of communists. On October 13, 1991, the first free elections were held in Bulgaria. In 2004. Bulgaria joins the NATO alliance, and on January 1, 2007. becomes a member of the European Union.